An easy way to intimidate a new beekeeper is to read the list of requirements for a perfect apiary. Here’s my list. It’s not comprehensive. But even as a starter, it’s menacing:
Your bees should be:
In partial shade: avoid searing, scorching, blinding, bright, direct sunlight, especially in the afternoon when wax is most likely to melt, but also avoid the dark side – let the morning sun greet your hives to rouse them gently and early, Ben Franklin-style;
Facing south: when south-facing bees fly out, they have the entire top half of the globe to forage, but if you face them north, they just get polar ice caps. (I guess this is for northern-hemisphere beekeepers. If you’re a Kiwi – lucky you – just flip these instructions.);
Protected from wind: dampen your index finger, stand outside, point to the sky, and experience the wind. Arrange your hives so that they face the lee side of your finger. If the wind often switches directions, consider putting your hives on a rotating table (any discarded lazy-susan will work) and bolt a weather vane in the center so the apiary spins freely;
Near water: without actually submerging your hives, have plenty of water nearby;
On a gently-sloping hillside: this is to allow damp air to drain downhill (seriously, it says this in all the best bee manuals), but most beekeepers put their hives on a gently-sloping hillside just for the view;
Away from pesky neighbours: you might be tempted to face the hive entrances toward your meanest neighbour and then sit back to watch what happens, but this might backfire if your neighbour is careless with matches at night.
Of course there are other things to consider. Not mentioned on most lists is the comfort of the beekeeper. Let’s face it, bees are just insects and you are probably a human. Bugs can put up with mild discomfort, but why should you? Plant your bees somewhere that you’ll enjoy hanging out. If you have to struggle past thistles and thorns every time you need to scare away rabid skunks, your bees will soon be overrun by rabid skunks. Make your beekeeping afternoons a delight and you and the bees will benefit.
Most of us are stuck with what we’ve got. You might have a nice roof-top apiary, or hopefully, a back yard. It might have a slope. Or not. Maybe it gently rolls northward and gets pummeled by chill winds. Maybe it’s along the path of your city’s annual marathon, or a well-trodden horse and carriage route. You may have your sights on the perfect apiary site that’s cited in bee manuals, but probably not.
Here’s the bee spot in my own back yard. I took this picture last week. This evening my packages are flying in from New Zealand. Can you quickly spot any potential problems with my future apiary site?
Besides the snow, which is pretty-much year-round here in Calgary, this is actually an OK bee site. The snow was a half-metre deep last weekend, but it’s melting. This spot slopes slightly southward, gets a bit of morning sun, is hidden from neighbours in our mini-forest, and best of all, it’s fairly accessible, just a hop and skip from our dog run and deck. But no bee spot is ever perfect and we have to constantly compromise. The bottom line, if there is one, is that you’ve got to work with what you’ve got – and that’s not always perfect.
I think your apiary needs less snow :).
My bees are in full sun, except for first thing in the morning when they get shaded by a big Magnolia tree. As you say, you deal with what you have. Lots of bearding on really hot days, and otherwise the bees (and the beekeeper) seem to enjoy it.
“Avoid searing sunlight…” – ha! Not something any beekeeper in the UK has to worry about. I like the tip about hiding bees up on your roof.
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They usually do better hidden on the roof than hidden in the cellar.
When I first started beekeeping I was told to put the hives in full sun. So we made our apiary and cut some trees down(we are very rural with 20 mostly wooded acres). Now we are planting again to give some shade during the midday. We dont see the sun till after nine AM due to the eastern mountain in the back of the yard. All in all, the honey bee’s seem productive and content. No problems except the bears are out now and we find scat but have left the hives alone. Love my bees! 🙂
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Good luck with the bear. Have you fenced the bee yard?
I’m glad you mentioned that you were told ‘full sun’ – this points out that any advice we get depends on our exact circumstance. In some parts of the world, full sun might be a very good idea. Usually, take the advice you are given by locals, then adapt it depending on what your bees need.
Yes, fenced and 2.0 joules. The weather pattern has changed for us here, much warmer winter and longer Autumn; there wasnt any “global warming” this past winter, it was a hard one. The man down the street every years complains to us about the bears getting into his bird feeders; we keep saying we are happy they like his sunflower seeds than our honey bees. 🙂
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